Hybrid, also known as hybrid electric vehicle(HEVs) is that uses at least one electric motor with a gasoline engine to move the car. Further, for recapturing energy it’s system puts regenerative braking into service.
Sometimes the electric motor is the worker, sometimes it’s the gas engine, and sometimes they both function together.
Quite simply, a hybrid vehicle combines two or more distinct types of power.
As a result, less gasoline is burned and, thus, better fuel economy is here for you. Putting in electric power can even boost performance in some instances.
How does it work?
Hybrid electric vehicles are powered with an interior combustion engine and an electric motor, which uses energy stored in batteries.
However, a hybrid electric vehicle(HEV) cannot be plugged in to charge the battery. Instead, the battery is charged via regenerative braking and by the internal combustion engine. The extra power delivered by the electric motor can potentially allow for a smaller engine.
The battery can also power supplementary loads and lower engine idling when stopped. Together, these features formulate in better fuel economy without renouncing performance.
Advantages of Hybrid Electronic Vehicle
- A hybrid car runs cleaner and has better gas mileage in comparison to a gasoline-powered car.
- A hybrid car is environment friendly.
- The gasoline engines employed in hybrid cars are often small, compact, and highly efficient.
- HEVs are capable of driving entirely on electricity.
- Hybrid Electronic Vehicles have a higher resale value.
Disadvantages of Hybrid Electronic Vehicle
- Suited for city driving and not for speed and acceleration.
- Hybrid cars are expensive when compared to a regular petrol car.
- The maintenance cost of a Hybrid car is also believed to be higher.
- Battery replacement of Hybrid Electronic Vehicles is also pricey.
Hybrid Electronic Vehicles in India
Toyota Camry, Toyota Prius, Toyota Glanza, Mahindra Scorpio, Toyota Vellfire, MG Hector, BMW 7 Series, Volvo XC90, Lexus RX.